Re: Claude's injuries, I think there's an element of Hugo deliberately reflecting the macabre nature of late 15C religious art. The novel is deeply saturated in the art and architecture of its setting and nothing was more characteristic of the era (post-Black Death Western Europe) than the devotional cults of the Wounds of Christ and Corpus Christi. Indeed, a very useful book on this period even draws on this for its title and core motif: Charles F. Briggs, The Body Broken: Medieval Europe 1300-1520 (2011). Devotional images wallowed in bloody detail:
- Michele Giambono, Man of Sorrows
- Flemish 15C Man of Sorrows
- Another Flemish image
- Master Francke, Man of Sorrows
- Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece
- 15C MS illustration showing devotion to the Wounds of Christ
- The Coventry Ring (late 15C), British Museum
- Late 15C depiction of the Wounds of Christ in the style of a heraldic device.
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